Future Scenario of Agriculture in Pakistan
Agriculture is the backbone of economy of Pakistan. But, reduced production and yield of agricultural crops results in economic losses. Among several constraints of this reduction, one of the chief problems is the deficiency of latest technological research and insufficient application of latest techniques in production process. With increasing pressure to enhance production and protect our environment, high tech farming technologies could play a crucial role. the four main developments placing pressure on agriculture to meeting the demands of the future are:
- Scarcity of natural resources
- Climate change
- Food waste
To meet these challenges will require a concerted effort by governments, investors, and innovative agricultural technologies. Agriculture will no longer depend on applying water, fertilizers, and pesticides uniformly across entire fields. Instead, farmers will use the minimum quantities required and target very specific areas. Farms and agricultural operations will have to be run very differently, primarily due to advancements in technology such as sensors, devices, machines, and information technology. Future agriculture will use sophisticated technologies such as robots, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology. These advanced devices and precision agriculture and robotic systems will allow farms to be more profitable, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly.
By challenging the traditional legacy model and pursuing a modernized program, governments can:
- Ensure food security and reduce dependency on imports
- Become a net exporter not only of products but also IP and new solutions
- Increase productivity and support the shift towards an innovation- and knowledge-based economy.